Human Resources Manager: The Complete Guide



10 July, 2023

Human Resources Manager: The Complete Guide

Human Resources are the most crucial elements for a business. It is only and only of an efficient workforce that a business can achieve its goals and drive profits. Therefore, it is important for every organisation to make employees productive, motivated and loyal.

This vital role is performed by a Human Resource Manager. The HR Manager, is, therefore, an important administrative position in a company which is responsible for building, maintaining and encouraging a highly motivated workforce that can carry out all the day-to-day operations of a company efficiently.

What is a Human Resources Manager?

A Human Resource Manager is an individual who is responsible to lead and direct all the administrative and organisational functions of a business. They act as a bridge between the employees and the management.

HR Managers also oversee the day-to-day functioning of the HR Department such as hiring, administering pay, enforcing company’s policies, etc. They play a crucial role in developing and maintaining a conducive work environment at the office.

How to Become an HR Manager?

In order to become an HR Manager, you need to fulfil certain eligibility criteria. These are:

Qualifications Required to Become an HR Manager

In order to become an HR Manager, you first need to have a Bachelor’s degree followed by a Master’s degree. Even though a graduation in any field is accepted for the position, it is preferable if you possess a degree in Business Administration as it lays a strong foundation of the knowledge of various business principles and thus, gives you an edge.

After graduation, it is necessary that you go for an MBA. It is better to go for a relevant specialisation, i.e., MBA  in Human Resources Management if you are aiming for the position of a Human Resource Manager. However, it is not mandatory.

After the MBA, you can go for certain value addition certifications such as:

  • Society of Human Resource Management Certified Professional (SHRM-CP)
  • Certified Professional in Learning and Performance (CPLP)
  • Indian Society of Training and Development (ISTD)
  • Senior Professional in Human Resources (SPHR)
  • Organisational Development Certification Program

It is important to note here that even though it is not mandatory to pursue certifications, yet they help you prepare for your future career as an HR Manager by helping you attain a certain degree of expertise in various segments of the HR domain.

Experience Required to Become an HR Manager

In addition to educational qualifications, you also need to possess relevant experience in the field. Thus, before you can become an HR Manager, you must seek jobs in various domains of human resources such as talent acquisition, training & development, compensation & benefits management, etc.

Skills Required to Become an HR Manager

There are certain skills that will come in handy during your role as an HR Manager. These include:

  • Communication Skills
  • Decision-Making Skills
  • Leadership Skills
  • Negotiation Skills
  • Networking Skills
  • Risk Management
  • Workforce Planning
  • Relationship Management
  • Problem-Solving Skills
  • Organisational Skills

Human Resource Manager Role & Functions

A Human Resource Manager carries out a number of responsibilities. They lead the HR Department of a business organisation and manage its day-to-day operations such as hiring, interviewing, employee relationship management, etc. In addition to this, an HR Managers also look after all the administrative and organisational activities of a company.

Some of the major functions of an HR Manager include:

  • HR Development

One of the primary roles of an HR Manager is to look after the training needs of new as well as experienced employees. The HR Managers ensure a smooth on-boarding experience for all the new employees. They make sure that employees are getting a conducive environment to gain new skills and develop professionally.

  • Workforce Planning and Management

An HR Manager works in close coordination with all the other managers and department heads to manage their workforce requirements. He/ she oversees that there are adequate resources available to each department to carry out their routine functions with ease. Based upon it, the HR Manager comes up with a recruitment plan.

Related: HR Recruiter Guide: Meaning, Roles, Skills, Salary & More

  • Employee Relationship Management

Another crucial role that an HR Manager plays is that he/ she acts as an intermediary between the higher management and the employees. They make sure that all the grievances and issues of the employees are resolved timely and in an effective manner.

  • Risk Management

Maintaining a healthy and harmonious workplace is a primary duty of HR Managers. To enable the same, HR Managers conduct regular inspections to identify and eliminate all bottlenecks. Furthermore, they develop and execute safety programmes to ensure the safety of all employees.

  • Overseeing Compensation & Benefits

Overseeing the distribution of compensation and benefits is a part of the routine duties of HR Managers. They are responsible for maintaining the payroll and have to make sure that the salaries are disbursed timely, without any discrepancies.

  • Governance

As already mentioned, HR Managers lead the HR Department as well as carry out various administrative duties of a company. They are responsible to establish a harmonious workspace wherein all the employees can work in an efficient and productive manner.

Human Resources Management Future Scope

Human Resources is an evergreen field and thus, HR Managers are always in high demand. Every business organisation needs an HR Manager who can look after its workforce and manage all their unique training needs.

According to the Ambition Box, on an average, HR Managers earn INR 6.6 LPA. However, this is the average salary. Your salary can vary depending upon a number of factors such as your location, company, total work experience, skillset, etc.

As an HR Manager, you can seek further employment opportunities as:

  • Compensation and Benefits Manager (average salary- INR 19.1 LPA)
  • Training and Development Manager (average salary- INR 11 LPA)
  • HR Information Systems Manager (average salary- INR 18 LPA)


HR Managers play the important role of building a highly efficient workforce that can drive growth to an organisation. On an everyday basis, HR Managers perform certain important tasks such as training of the workforce, employee relationship management, risk management, payroll management, etc. all of which contribute towards the establishment of a conducive work environment.

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