7 Best Medical Courses After 12th for a Bright Future



11 June, 2024

7 Best Medical Courses After 12th for a Bright Future

Cyrus Poonawalla, the man behind the Serum Institute of India, the biggest vaccine maker globally, is now the third wealthiest person with ₹278,500 crore. His company has been vital in global health, especially during COVID-19. At 82, Poonawalla proves age does not limit success, showing opportunities for everyone.

This highlights the potential of a medical career. Healthcare is always changing and evolving, and there is always a demand for skilled professionals. If you are into science and want to help others to make a difference in people’s lives, you can consider some of the best Medical Courses After 12th.

Why should you opt for Medical Courses After the 12th?

This cannot be a random decision. Choosing a career path after school is a big decision. You might be wondering if a medical field is the right fit for you. Here is a look at why pursuing medical courses after 12th might be the perfect step.

  • Making a Tangible Difference:

    Every day, doctors, nurses, and other medical professionals have the privilege of directly impacting people’s lives. Whether it’s diagnosing an illness, performing surgery, or simply offering comfort and support during a difficult time, you will be playing a vital role in someone’s health journey. Imagine the satisfaction of knowing you helped someone recover from an injury, manage a chronic condition, or even welcome a healthy baby into the world.

  • Variety and Challenge:

    There are so many specialisations to diverge into: from cardiology (heart health) to oncology (treatment of cancer) to mental health under the scope of psychiatry, which means you can find your niche that perfectly aligns with your interests. After all, medicine is a field that always throws new challenges. No two days look the same, and you are always learning and growing.

  • Job Security and Growth:

    It is widely stated that health care is one of the most stable and expanding industries in the world today. Populations are still growing old, and there is a huge demand for well-trained medical practitioners. This results in good job security for you and many opportunities for professional growth. The fields of medicine are so many, from hospitals to community clinics and even teaching.

  • Helping People from All Walks of Life:

    As a medical professional, you will deal with people from dissimilar social and life backgrounds. It presents the chance to care for patients of different ages, cultures, and social and economic statuses. This will not fail to bring up the development of further empathy, communication skills, and a broader understanding of the human condition.

7 Best Medical Courses After 12th

1. Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)

A BAMS degree is a five and a half year UG programme that will provide you with knowledge and skills to diagnose and treat diseases using Ayurvedic principles. The curriculum integrates both traditional Ayurvedic subjects like Rachana Sharira (anatomy) and Dravyaguna (pharmacology) with modern medical sciences such as physiology, pathology, and surgery.

This unique blend allows BAMS graduates to offer patients a holistic approach to healthcare, addressing the root cause of ailments alongside symptom relief.


  • Five and a half years of classroom learning covering the theoretical foundations of Ayurveda and modern medicine.

  • One year of internship provides practical experience working alongside qualified Ayurvedic doctors in hospitals and clinics.


  • You should have passed Class 12th in the science stream with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology (PCB) subjects and secured a minimum of 50% marks (the exact percentage may vary depending on the institute).

  • Cracked the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET), a nationwide competitive exam that serves as the gateway to medical education in India.

Job Roles After the Course:

  • Ayurvedic Doctor

  • Panchakarma Specialist

  • Ayurvedic Pharmacist

  • Research Scholar

  • Academician

Top Institutes/Colleges:


  • Dr. D. Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune

  • Banaras Hindu University (BHU), Varanasi

  • Aryabhatta Knowledge University, Patna

2. Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery [MBBS]

If you are looking for intensive and rewarding Medical courses after 12th then you can check out an MBBS programme. It typically lasts for five years, with a blend of theoretical knowledge and practical experience.

  • Years 1 & 2: Building the Foundation:

    The first part of the course would mainly orientate to building a solid foundation in biomedical sciences. Topics will include anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, and pharmacology. Medical ethics and communication skills would also be taught to help the student relate to the patients.

  • Years 3 & 4: Dive into Clinical Practice:

    As you progress into the course, clinical aspects of medicine are focused upon very firmly. You’ll have a great deal of exposure to shadowing doctors in many specialties, observing medical procedures, and building your competency in clinical examination. This is where theory from the early years comes to life.

  • Year 5 & Internship: Putting it All Together:

    The final year and internship bridge the gap between theory and practice in medicine. You will have rotating internships through the departments of pediatrics, cardiology, surgery, and obstetrics and gynecology. This empirical experience helps in the development of clinical decision-making competence and confidence in the treatment of supervised patients.

Duration:  It typically lasts for 5 years.


  • Academic Requirements: Most universities require strong grades in science subjects like Biology, Chemistry, and Physics at the A-Level or equivalent.
  • Entrance Exams: National Eligibility cum Entrance Test.
  • Personal Qualities: Beyond academic prowess, medical schools look for well-rounded individuals with excellent communication, teamwork, and interpersonal skills. Empathy, compassion, and a strong work ethic are also highly valued traits in doctors.

Job Roles After the Course:

  • General Practitioner (GP)

  • Hospital Doctor

  • Academic Medicine

  • Public Health

Top Institutes/Colleges:

  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS)

  • Christian Medical College, Vellore

  • University College of Medical Sciences, Dilshad Garden

  • Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi

  • Kasturba Medical College, Manipal

  • Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi

3. Bachelor of Pharmacy or BPharm

A BPharm degree will equip you with the scientific knowledge and practical skills required to work within the field of pharmacy. This is just a noble opportunity for those whose minds are directed toward science, biology, and chemistry or who are looking for medical courses after 12th. You will examine the interaction of drugs with the human body, their effects, and possible side effects. You’d even be learning the formulation and manufacture of tablets, capsules, or syrups. Of course, theory is essential, but application to real life holds no less a significant place.

The pharmacy practice modules will endow you with dispensing skills, patient counseling, and support for adherence to medication use. Imagine this scenario: You are a pharmacist in a local chemist, confidently advising a patient on their drug and the likely interaction with the other co-administered drugs.

In addition to these core subjects, the BPharm programme may also include modules on:

  • Biochemistry

  • Human Anatomy and Physiology

  • Pharmaceutical Analysis

  • Clinical Pharmacy

The specific modules offered may vary depending on the university you choose.

Duration: The BPharm degree is typically a four-year full-time programme. This duration allows you for a thorough exploration of the scientific and practical aspects of pharmacy.

Eligibility: It is required that you have completed Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and Math as required courses in your 10+2 education from any accredited board or university, with a minimum of 50% overall.

Job Roles After This Course:

  • Community Pharmacist

  • Hospital Pharmacist

  • Industrial Pharmacist

  • Regulatory Affairs Specialist

  • Medical Sales Representative

Top Institutes/Colleges:

  • Delhi Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research University

  • Jamia Hamdard University, New Delhi

  • Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak

  • Amity University, Noida

  • Lovely Professional University, Phagwara

  • Institute of Chemical Technology, Mumbai

  • Panjab University, Chandigarh

4. Bachelor of Occupational Therapy [BOT]

A BOT is a four-year UG degree that will provide you with the knowledge and skills to become a qualified occupational therapist. The programme will allow you to explore the science of human anatomy, physiology, and psychology, along with its practical application in people experiencing physical, developmental, or mental health challenges.

You will get to learn how the body moves and functions; this will be crucial as you will know a patient’s needs, and you will be able to implement a suitable treatment plan for them. You will also learn a large spectrum of disabilities, including learning difficulties, musculoskeletal disorders, and neurological conditions, as to how an individual is limited in performing activities of daily living.

Duration: The Bachelor of Occupational Therapy degree is typically a 4-year full-time programme.


  • Science Background: Typically, universities require strong grades in Science subjects like Biology, Chemistry, and Physics at the higher secondary level.

  • Compassion and Patience: Occupational therapy is a demanding but rewarding career. You will need a genuine desire to help others, along with patience and empathy to work with people facing challenges.

Job Roles After This Course:

  • Occupational Therapy Consultant

  • Occupational Therapy Supervisor

  • Rehabilitation Therapy Assistant

  • Speech and Language Therapist

  • Medical Record Technician

Top Institutes/Colleges:

  • Christian Medical College, Vellore

  • Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, Delhi

  • Jamia Hamdard University, Delhi

  • Manipal University, Manipal

  • Pt. Deendayal Upadhyaya Institute of Physically Handicapped, Delhi

5. Bachelor of Physiotherapy [BPT]

Physiotherapy is a health profession that helps improve an individual’s function and well-being. Physiotherapists, sometimes called physios for short, enable people to live more functional and fuller lives by assisting them to maintain health for recovery from pain. Physiotherapists do this through methods that help patients reinstate motion, reduce pain, prevent injuries, and improve life quality.

A BPT would give you the proper knowledge and skills to become an authorised physiotherapist. Knowledge in anatomy, physiology, biomechanics, exercise science, and principles of physiotherapy would also be catered to through classroom teaching, practical training, and clinical posting.

Duration: A BPT programme typically spans four years, followed by a mandatory six-month internship.

Eligibility: Biology or life sciences should have been one of the subjects you completed for Senior Secondary (10+2) with at least 60% Marks.

Job Roles after the Course:

  • NHS physiotherapist

  • Private practice physiotherapist

  • Sports physiotherapist

  • Physiotherapist in specialist settings

Top Institutes/Colleges:

  • Jamia Hamdard

  • Ramaiah Medical College

  • Jamia Millia Islamia

  • Galgotias University

  • Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gorakhpur University

6. Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSc Nursing)

BSc Nursing is a 4-year undergraduate degree that shall prepare you to acquire the expertise and practice to take over in the position of a registered nurse professionally. The course curriculum combines classroom learning with practical experience in hospitals and other healthcare settings.

Theory: There will be the study of the subject, Anatomy, Physiology, Pharmacology, and Microbiology—they give a solid understanding of the human body, how diseases work, and medications used in treatment.

Practical: Besides the theory part of it, you are also able to execute the practical part through clinical placements. You will also learn critical nursing functions like taking vital signs, administering medication, and assisting with patient care activities.

Duration: A Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSc Nursing) programme typically spans 4 years.


  • Academic Qualifications: You will typically need to have completed high school with good grades in science subjects, such as Biology, Chemistry, and Physics.
  • Entrance Exams: Certain universities may require you to take an entrance exam specifically designed for nursing programmes.

Job Roles after the Course:

  • Hospital Nurse

  • Community Nurse

  • Mental Health Nurse

  • Nurse Educator

  • Advanced Practice Nurse

Top Institutes/Colleges:

  • Amity University

  • Pandit Bhagwat Dayal Sharma University, Rohtak

  • Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research, Puducherry

  • Chandigarh University

7. Bachelor of Optometry [B.Optom]

A Bachelor of Optometry degree is an undergraduate professional degree of 4 years that prepares you to become a qualified optometrist. The curriculum is a well-balanced blend of theoretical and practical learning.

Theoretical knowledge: you will get acquainted with the anatomy of the eye, structure, function, and many eye diseases. The training of the faculty should be realised through coursework in anatomical, physiological, and optical sciences, which provide a solid theoretical foundation for understanding the vision system and its operation. A curriculum will also offer learning in pharmacology, where you can understand medications used in the care of an eye.

Clinical skills: You will also gain hands-on experience through practical sessions and laboratory work. This may include how to work in the use of special equipment for the examination of the eye, taking visual acuity measurements, and fitting contact lenses.

Duration: The B.Optom programme typically takes 4 years to complete.

Eligibility: You will have to complete your class 12th with strong scores in science subjects like physics, chemistry, and biology.


Job Roles After the Course

  • Clinical Optometrist

  • Pediatric Optometrist

  • Vision Rehabilitation Specialist

  • Research Optometrist

  • Hospital Optometrist

Top Institutes/Colleges:

  • Amity University

  • Jamia Hamdard University, New Delhi

  • Maharishi Markandeshwar University, Ambala

  • Pandit Bhagwat Dayal Sharma University, Rohtak

Medical career options after 12th

These are some of the job roles and average salaries that you can draw from a medical career after 12th. If you are looking after 12th medical course/career, this is your chance to enter a field that can be both challenging yet incredibly fulfilling; therefore, it can also pay well, making your life lively and fulfilling.

Job Role Average Annual Salary (INR)
Doctor (Allopathy/Homeopathy/Ayurveda) INR 5-20 LPA ( varies after specialisation)
Nurse INR 4.2 LPA
Pharmacist INR 2.6 LPA
Physiotherapist INR 3.1 LPA
Occupational Therapist INR 4 LPA
Optometrist INR 4 LPA
Medical Lab Technician INR 2.6 LPA
X-Ray Technician INR 2.3 LPA
Medical Coder INR 3.5 LPA

The Final Words

The medical field is constantly growing, as a medical professional, you will have the opportunity to stay at the forefront of these developments. The sense of satisfaction that comes from helping others and making a positive impact on their lives is truly unmatched. Course of medical after 12th class can be the best option to take a step forward.

So, take a deep breath, set yourself in front of the computer to explore your options of medical courses after 12th, and choose the course that sets your career on a fast track! You are on your way to a bright and rewarding future in the world of healthcare.


Q1. Which Medical Course is the best for the future?

If you are looking for Medical courses after 12th, we have compiled a list of promising courses for a prosperous career:

  • Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)

  • Bachelor of Occupational Therapy (BOT)

  • Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS)

  • Bachelor of Pharmacy (BPharm)

Q2. Which course has more scope in the medical field?

Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS): This prestigious course prepares students to become medical practitioners.

Q3. Which medical course on completion gives a high salary?

After 12th medical course is considered the best option to get a good package and build a futureproof career. Degrees in medical or laboratory technology offer competitive salaries. Roles in healthcare administration and management are also in high demand and well-paid.

Q4. Which course is equal to MBBS?

There are the best Medical courses after 12th that you can definitely consider.

  • BAMS: Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery
  • BUMS: Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery
  • BHMS: Bachelor of Homeopathy and Surgery
  • BNYS: Bachelor of Naturopathy and Yoga Sciences

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