MBBS Explained: Full Form, Details, Fee, Specislisations, and more



28 May, 2024

MBBS Explained: Full Form, Details, Fee, Specislisations, and more

MBBS is a 5.5-year duration undergraduate medical degree. The MBBS course is pursued by those who want to become MBBS physicians. Both academic knowledge and hands-on training in a variety of medical specialities are commonly included in the MBBS programme. Students enrolled in the MBBS programme acquire fundamental medical information, practical skills, and experience through lectures, tutorials, lab sessions, and hospital clinical rotations. The MBBS programme establishes the foundation for a fulfilling career in healthcare by placing a strong emphasis on patient care, ethical behaviour, and ongoing education. After MBBS you are placed as a doctor, surgeon or physician with an annual average salary of 2.5 LPA and INR 15 LPA.

Do you have a strong interest in medicine and a dream of making a difference in people’s lives? Starting an MBBS course could be the first step toward achieving this admirable goal. Read the blog further to know about admissions 2024, eligibility criteria, syllabus and top MBBS colleges.

What is the Full Form of the MBBS?

MBBS full form is Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery. The short form is coined from the Latin Medicinae Baccalaureus Baccalaureus Chirurgiae. This exam is the first step in your medical exam journey.

Understanding MBBS Course

Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, or MBBS, is a five-and-a-half-year undergraduate medical programme. In India, a medical practitioner must possess an MBBS degree in order to diagnose and conduct surgery. The 5.5-year (9 semesters) MBBS course includes a 12-month mandatory internship. To pursue an MBBS programme, students at Indian medical institutes must pass the NEET exam.  Those who complete the MBBS programme with NEET UG will be eligible to become MBBS physicians or medical practitioners.

Aspect Details
MBBS Full Form Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery
MBBS Course Duration 5 years (9 semesters) + 6 months internship
MBBS Course Level Undergraduate (UG)
MBBS Admission NEET
MBBS Eligibility PCB/M in 12th Class and must be over 17 years
MBBS Syllabus 19 Subjects
Medical Colleges in India All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS)
Dr. Rajendra Prasad Government Medical College
Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri Government Hospital
MBBS Jobs Doctor
Medical Professor
Medical Legal Advisor

MBBS Course Fees

MBBS in India is very expensive. Fortunately, government colleges charge significantly less for MBBS degrees than do private colleges. Check out the fee structure of government colleges vs private colleges.

Fees of Government MBBS Colleges INR 10,000 – 50,000 per year
Fees of Private MBBS Colleges INR 3 Lakh – INR 25 Lakh per year

Source: Data taken from different colleges; however, the fee structure may vary.

MBBS Course Admission 2024

Admission to MBBS courses is solely based on performance in the MCI-administered NEET UG test, with state-level MBBS counselling.

NEET UG stands for National Eligibility cum Entrance Test – Undergraduate. It is a national-level medical entrance exam. Other alternatives, such as AIIMS MBBS and JIPMER MBBS, were formerly available, however as of 2020, only one exam i.e NEET is conducted by the Medical Council of India.

Why Study an MBBS Course?

  • Realisation of a Lifelong Dream: If you’ve always had a passion for medicine and healing, enrolling in an MBBS programme will enable you to fulfil that dream.

  • Having a Meaningful Impact: By offering care, consolation, and healing, medical professionals have the chance to make a positive difference in the lives of people and communities.

  • Financial Benefits: Working in medicine is frequently linked to strong income prospects. Even while medical school might be expensive, the long-term promise of stable finances and a fulfilling career can be alluring.

  • Recognition and Prestige Across the Globe: An MBBS degree is acknowledged and respected throughout the world, providing access to a wide range of job options and chances for professional growth.

  • Lifelong Learning and Growth: The medical industry provides countless chances for professional development, specialisation, and keeping up with the latest developments in healthcare.

MBBS Course: Eligibility Criteria

Students must receive satisfactory results on the NEET UG exam in order to be eligible for the MBBS program. Furthermore, students must have finished their 12th-grade education (17 years of age and above) with Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and Biotechnology as required topics in order to be eligible for NEET. According to a recent announcement from the National Medical Commission students who take mathematics as an elective may now take the NEET exam.

MBBS Course Subjects

There are 3 phases in which the MBBS course subjects have been divided. Refer to the table below.

Phase Details
Phase I Pre-Clinical Subjects
Phase II Para-clinical and Clinical subjects
Phase III Continuation of the study of clinical subjects for 7 semesters after passing semester I

For your further reference, we have divided each phase into its subtopics.

Phase Subjects covered
(1-2 semesters)
(3-5 Semesters)
Community Medicine
Forensic Medicine
(6-9 semester)
Community Medicine

Specialisations in MBBS Courses

There isn’t a specialisation that you can select during MBBS. Following the completion of the required one-year internship and MBBS degree, you can select a specialisation for your advanced medical degree. The most popular disciplines of specialisation are Master of Surgery (MS), Doctor of Medicine (MD), Master of Dental Surgery (M.D.S.), and Master in Hospital Administration (M.H.A.).

1. Master of Surgery (MS)

Master of Surgery (MS) is a three-year postgraduate programme. If you want to be a surgeon, MS equips you with the scientific understanding and abilities needed to perform safe surgery. To help you practise on your own, the course provides a thorough and organised training schedule.

  • General Surgery

  • Obstetrics & Gynaecology

  • Traumatology & Surgery

  • Ophthalmology

  • Orthopaedics

2. Doctor of Medicine (MD)

A three-year postgraduate programme in medicine and disease diagnosis is called the Doctor of Medicine in Pathology.  The course will provide a theoretical understanding of haematology, cytology, histopathology, and morbid anatomy. Additionally, it will impart expertise on how to handle investigations, interpretations, and diagnostic issues related to clinical pathology, chemical pathology, microbiology, and transfusion medicine. Some of the M.D. specialisations are listed below.

  • Anatomy

  • Community Medicine

  • Aerospace Medicine

  • Biochemistry

  • Biophysics

  • Infectious Diseases

3. Master of Dental Surgery (M.D.S.)

The three-year MDS program offers a postgraduate degree in dentistry with an emphasis on advanced clinical skills and knowledge in a range of specialty fields. MDS course graduates frequently go on to work as specialised dentists in academic and private practices. Some of the M.D.S. specialisations are listed below.

  • Orthodontics

  • Prosthodontics

  • Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics

  • Oral and maxillofacial surgery

4. Master in Hospital Administration (M.H.A.)

You can progress in your career and assume leadership positions in healthcare financing and delivery companies with a Master of Healthcare Administration (MHA) degree. You will get the chance to organise, oversee, and manage services in a range of situations related to the provision of healthcare. If you are a graduate of MHA programme, you can also work with payer organisations, medical device companies, consulting firms, and pharmaceutical companies.

Top 6 NIRF Colleges for MBBS Course

Some of the top colleges offering MBBS courses according to NIRF are listed below.

MBBS Colleges MBBS Course Fees*
All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi INR 6,000
Christian Medical College, Vellore INR 13,500
Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi INR 1.5 Lakh
Kasturba Medical College, Karnataka INR 80.1 Lakh
Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Pondicherry INR 30,500
King George’s Medical University, Uttar Pradesh INR 2.1 Lakh

*Fees structures may vary.

Top 6 Government Colleges for MBBS Course

You can check the list of top 6 government colleges offering MBBS courses with their fee structure.

MBBS Colleges MBBS Course Fees*
All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi INR 6,000
King George Medical University, Lucknow INR 2,00,000
JIPMER, Puducherry INR 7,000
Madras Medical College, Chennai INR 68,000
AIIMS, Jodhpur INR 24,000
Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research INR 41,000

*Fees are subject to change as per college norms.

Top 6 Private Colleges for MBBS Course

You can check the list of the top 6 private colleges offering MBBS courses with their fee structure.

MBBS Colleges MBBS Course Fees*
Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research INR 2 Lakh
St. John’s National Academy of Health Sciences INR 30 Lakh
KIMS – Kalinga Institute of Medical Sciences INR 75 Lakh
Maharishi Markandeshwar University, Mullana INR 65 Lakh
PSG Institute of Medical Sciences and Research INR 25 Lakh
Padmashree Dr DY Patil Vidyapeeth, Navi Mumbai INR 67 Lakh

* Fees are subject to vary as per college norms.

List of MBBS Course Seats in India

You can check the number of MBBS course seats distributed according to states in India.

State/UT Total no. of MBBS Seats
Uttar Pradesh 9,053
Delhi 1,497
Andaman & Nicobar Islands 100
Andhra Pradesh 5,335
Arunachal Pradesh 50
Assam 1,150
Bihar 2,415
Chandigarh 150
Chhattisgarh 1,565
Dadra and Nagar Haveli 150
Goa 180
Gujarat 5,700
Haryana 1,660
Himachal Pradesh 920
Jammu and Kashmir 1,147
Jharkhand 930
Karnataka 10,145
Kerala 4,255
Madhya Pradesh 4,080
Maharashtra 9,895
Manipur 375
Meghalaya 50
Mizoram 100
Odisha 2,125
Puducherry 1,630
Punjab 1,750
Rajasthan 4,005
Sikkim 150
Tamil Nadu 10,725
Telangana 5,040
Tripura 225
Uttarakhand 1,150
West Bengal 4,225
Total 91,927

*The no of seats may vary

Important NEET UG Dates

You can check the list of important dates of NEET UG exam 2024.

NEET UG Events NEET UG Exam Dates
NEET UG 2024 Registration Closed
NEET UG 2024 Exam Date Conducted (May 5, 2024)
NEET UG 2024 Exam Time 2:00 PM to 5:20 PM
NEET UG 2024 Result Date 14 June, 2024
NEET UG 2024 Cut Off Soon

Source: NTA

NEET UG 2023 Cutoff

You can check the MBBS NEET UG cutoff 2023 in the table given below.

Category NEET UG 2023 Cutoff Marks
General/EWS 720-137
OBC, SC, ST 136-107
General/EWS/PH 136-121
OBC & PH 120-107
SC & PH 120-107
ST & PH 120-108

Source: NTA

Scholarships For MBBS Course

Students seeking a MBBS degree can apply for several scholarships. These are listed in the section below.

MBBS Colleges MBBS Scholarships
AIIMS Delhi – Post-Matric Scholarship
– Merit cum Means Scholarship Schemes for Minority Communities
– Post-Matric Top-Class/MCM Scholarship Schemes
King George’s Medical University (KGMU) – Grant – In – Aid for Students Presenting Research Paper in a Scientific Event
– Financial Aid for Needy Undergraduate Students (In Campus Part-Time Jobs)
– Scholarship Scheme under Dean Student Welfare
Madras Medical College – Central sector scholarship (MBBS)
– CBSE scholarship (MBBS)
– Free Education Scholarship (MBBS)
St. John’s Medical College – The Cardinal Gracias Scholarship
– The SJMC Alumni Association Scholarships
Kasturba Medical College, Manipal – Merit Scholarship for Post Graduate (PG) Medical / Dental and Super Specialty Programs
– Kalam-Pai, Freeship and Scholars Scholarship for MBBS

MBBS Course: List of Books for NEET UG 2024

We have listed some prominent books for NEET UG preparation. Check out in the table below.

Subjects Books & Authors
Physics Concepts of Physics (Volumes 1 and 2) H.C. Verma
Chemistry NCERT Chemistry (Class 11 and 12)
Biology Trueman
Organic Chemistry Arihant Publications
Objective Physics Pramod Agarwal
Physical Chemistry O.P. Tandon

MBBS Career Scope: Job Profiles

Upon finishing the MBBS course you might become qualified physicians in a variety of medical specialties. Once specialisation classes are completed, there are numerous career opportunities. The table below provides descriptions of a few of the jobs:

Job Role Description
Oncologist Specialises in diagnosing and treating cancer patients.
Medical Assistant Assists healthcare professionals with administrative and clinical tasks.
Obstetrician and Gynaecologist Specialises in women’s reproductive health, childbirth, and pregnancy care.
Ophthalmologist Specialises in diagnosing and treating eye diseases and disorders.
Paediatrics Specialises in providing medical care to infants, children, and adolescents.
Surgeon Performs surgical procedures to treat injuries, diseases, and deformities.
Attending Physician Provides primary care to patients and coordinates treatment plans.
Cardiologist Specialises in diagnosing and treating heart and cardiovascular conditions.
Occupational Therapist Helps patients develop or regain daily living and work skills after injury or illness.
Orthodontist Specialises in diagnosing and correcting misaligned teeth and jaws.
Psychiatrist Diagnoses and treats mental disorders, emotional issues, and behavioural problems.


If you want to become a doctor, surgeon or Orthodontist, you can pursue your dreams of completing the MBBS programme. Explore the institutions, eligibility, various specialisations offered and career opportunities.


Q1. How many years in the MBBS course?

MBBS is an undergraduate degree programme. It lasts for 5.5 years including 4.5 academic course duration and 1-year internship. There are a total of 9 semesters

Q2. What is the meaning of MBBS?

MBBS stands for Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery.  It is a specialised undergraduate degree in medical and surgical medicine that is awarded by medical schools and universities.

Q3. Can you do MBBS after the 12th?

Candidates must be over 17 years old and have completed Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Biotechnology (which includes practical exams in these subjects), and Mathematics in their Class 12 Science stream coursework in order to be eligible to enrol in the MBBS programme.

Q4. Can I join MBBS without NEET?

In India, NEET is mandatory to pursue an MBBS. You have to qualify the NEET exam and the score is important to get admission to reputable colleges.

Q5. Is PG compulsory after MBBS?

Graduates of MBBS programmes can pursue a wide range of careers in clinical and non-clinical specialisations, many of which do not need to pass the medical PG entrance exam. One of the sectors that is expanding the fastest in the post-pandemic era is healthcare, and it will need workers with a variety of skill sets in addition to physicians.

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