BDS Explained: Full Form, Course, Admission, Top Colleges, Scope, and more



27 May, 2024

BDS Explained: Full Form, Course, Admission, Top Colleges, Scope, and more

Do you want to become the next dental expert? Or do you dream of having your own clinic in the city centre and being passionate about fixing any problem that comes your way? Well, if yes, then we have the perfect guide for the BDA Course and all the career options such as full form, colleges, courses, ranking, and syllabus here. Come with us while we discover the dental colleges, fees, and syllabi.

What is the Full Form of BDS?

The full form of BDS is Bachelor of Dental Surgery. It is a degree course that trains you to become a dentist. The total duration of this course is 5 years. This medical course requires full-time classes only with hands-on training. It aims to prepare you for the role of a dental surgeon; you would be able to diagnose, treat, and prevent various oral health issues.

The BDS course covers dental anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, pharmacology, oral pathology, microbiology, dental materials, and clinical dentistry. The BDS course is fully equipped to train you to perform dental surgery in future.

How Did BDS Gain Significance?

There are many reasons why BDS has become popular these days. Some of the important reasons are:

  • Dentists play a vital role in promoting oral hygiene and preventing dental diseases.

  • Innovations like digital imaging and laser dentistry have expanded the scope of dental practice and made it accessible.

  • The demand for skilled dental professionals is rising worldwide due to population growth.

  • BDS graduates provide high-quality care, attracting patients from around the world.

About The Courses And Subjects

  • You’ll study the Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) for 5 years.

  • The course is split into ten semesters.

  • You’ll learn dental anatomy, oral pathology, and clinical dentistry.

  • Expect a mix of theory and hands-on training.

  • You’ll work on patient care, dental procedures, and case studies.

  • Key subjects include Dental Anatomy, Oral Pathology, and Dental Materials Science.

  • Graduates are well-prepared for careers in dentistry.

Specialisations And Courses

BDS comes along with opportunities and a handful of skills. The BDS undergraduate programme has different specialisations and courses covered within the 5 years programme. Some of the common courses are:

  • Orthodontics: Specialises in correcting teeth and jaw alignment issues.

  • Endodontics: Focuses on treating dental pulp and root canal-related problems.

  • Oral Surgery: Concentrates on surgical procedures related to the mouth, jaws, and face.

  • Periodontics: Deals with gum diseases and related treatments.

  • Prosthodontics: Focuses on replacing missing teeth with artificial ones.

  • Paediatric Dentistry: Specialises in dental care for children.

  • Implant Dentistry: It focuses on dental implants and related surgeries.

  • Oral Medicine and Radiology: Involves diagnosing and managing oral diseases using radiographic techniques.

Core Subjects in BDS

Once you select the BDS programme, you will be covering some of the important core subjects which are common among different universities and colleges; some of the core subjects are:

  1. Anatomy: You will study dental anatomy and physiology, which covers the human body structures with a focus on the oral cavity, head, and neck.

  2. Physiology: You will concentrate on how different body systems operate, especially mouth-related ones as well as ways that oral health care may affect them.

  3. Biochemistry: The understanding of dental materials depends heavily on the knowledge of biochemical processes occurring in living beings.

  4. Oral Pathology: Oral pathology is where you study the nature, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases in the oral and maxillofacial regions, which is essential for diagnosing and managing oral conditions.

  5. Microbiology: In Microbiology, the focus is placed on microorganisms and their roles in oral health and disease, thereby giving insights into infection control as well as treatment protocols.

  6. Pharmacology: Pharmacology is about studying drugs and how they affect your body, including such.

  7. Dental Materials: This is all about materials used in teeth care, such as fillings, casts and drills.

  8. Oral Medicine and Radiology: This will show you how to treat mouth problems by taking pictures of them with X-rays, as well as giving people medicine if they need it when visiting dentists.

Admission Process for BDS Programmes

The admission process for the BDS programme could be complicated to understand however, we have prepared an easy step-wise guide for the admission process:

The admission process for Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) programmes in India follows a structured procedure to select eligible candidates for pursuing a career in dentistry.

Here’s an overview of the admission process:

Eligibility Criteria:

You should be able to apply for the mandatory NEET Entrance Exam, the eligibility criteria is:

  • You must have passed Class 12 in the Science stream with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology (PCB) subjects from a recognised board.

  • You need a minimum aggregate of 50% marks in Class 12.

  • You must qualify for the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET-UG) to be considered for admission to BDS programs.

Application Process:

  1. You need to register and fill out the NEET UG application form online on the official NTA website by the specified deadline.

  2. You should carefully select the colleges where you wish to apply for BDS admission, considering factors like ranking, reputation, location, and facilities.

  3. After completing the application form, make sure to pay the requisite application fee online through the provided payment gateway.


  • NEET UG is a pen-and-paper-based exam consisting of multiple-choice questions

  • You should download your NEET UG admit card from the official website of NTA using your registration credentials. You must carry a printed copy of your admit card and a valid photo ID proof to the exam centre.

  • Remember that electronic devices, study materials, and calculators are prohibited inside the examination hall.

Result and Counselling:

If you qualify based on your NEET UG scores, you become eligible to participate in counselling necessary for seat allotment. Seats in BDS colleges are allotted based on your NEET UG ranks, preferences, category, and seat availability.

Modes of Learning

The BDS course is only available through offline, in-person classes. It is a medical surgery course that requires extensive practical, hands-on training to become the next best doctor.

Top Institutes for BDS Programmes in India

Here are some of the top BDA colleges in India and their fees in INR:

College Name Approximate Total Fees (INR)
Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences, New Delhi
Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Manipal 18,00,000- 22,10,000
Government Dental College and Hospital, Mumbai
SRM Dental College, Chennai 15,70,000
Faculty of Dental Sciences, King George’s Medical University, Lucknow
Christian Medical College, Ludhiana

Entrance Exams for BDS 2024

Here is the list of the top entrance exams and their dates in 2024:

Exam Name Dates
NEET 5 May 2024
IPU CET 27 Apr – 12 May 2024
BCECE 13 July – 14 July 2024

How to Find the Right BDS College?

If you are confused  between so many choices and you want to know how to pick the right college here is your guide:

  1. Identify your career aspirations in dentistry and choose colleges that offer programmes that would match your interest.

  2. Make sure to research tuition fees and make a budget. Research tuition fees, scholarships, and financial aid options to ensure affordability.

  3. Look for colleges that have good reviews, recognition, and NAAC scores.

  4. Check the college’s placement track record and industry connections for job opportunities.

  5. Go for colleges that offer plenty of hands-on clinical experience and internships.

  6. Research the demand for dentists in different specialisations and regions to make an informed decision.

Career Options after BDS and Their Salary

The number of options after a BDS is endless. You can opt for different career paths or continue with a master’s in dental surgery. Here are some of the top career opportunities with salaries.

Career Options Salary/Stipend
Master’s in Dental Surgery INR 30,000 to INR 80,000 per month
Public Health Expertise INR 35,000 to INR 1,00,000 per month
Business Administration in Healthcare INR 3 to INR 8 LPA
Academic Instruction INR 6.3 LPA
Private Dental Practice INR 4 to INR 6 LPA
Government Dentistry Positions INR 8 to INR 9LPA
Dental Researcher INR 7 to 22 LPA
Cosmetic Dentistry INR 4 LPA
Dental Content Creation INR 30,000 to INR 45,000 per month
Forensic Odontology INR 7- INR 7.5LPA
Medical Transcriptionist INR 21,000 per month
Dental Consulting INR 21,000 per month
Dental Insurance Specialist INR 40,000 per month

Logging Out

If you want to become a doctor, this is one of the paths that will cover most of the human anatomy besides the dental one. BDS’s full form is a Bachelor of Dental Surgery. It is 5 years undergraduate programme. BDS has become popular due to the demand for dental durian in the job market, clinics and hospitals. You would have a layer of options and opportunities after you complete the BDS course. The course would enhance your practical and theoretical skills in the field. So, if you want to become the next top dental doctor with a private clinic or work in a hospital, this is the right course for you. Get your seat now!

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