Chief Technology Officer (CTO): What They Do and How to Become One?



02 March, 2024

Chief Technology Officer (CTO): What They Do and How to Become One?

“The only limit to our realisation of tomorrow will be our doubts of today.” – Franklin D. Roosevelt

In the present world, the use of technology is evolving rapidly. In order to keep up with this fast-paced technological world, we need Chief Technology Officers. Chief Technology officers are the ‘bob’ to the builder of technologies. The journey of a Chief Technology Officer includes skills, experience, leadership and better opportunities. So here we are to welcome you towards your age of enlightenment. If you have a knack for leadership and a passion for technology, the role of a CTO might be the perfect fit for you. In this blog, we will discuss everything hot and new, from becoming a CTO, the roles and responsibilities, and career opportunities to the highest salary of a Chief Technology Officer.

So, sit tight and read along.

What is Chief Technology All About and Who is a Chief Technology Officer?

A CTO is a techie who has answers for all technological issues in a company. They are responsible for managing the technical glitches, errors or supervision of technical processes, thereby improving the overall product experience for customers.

While similar to a Chief Information Officer (CIO), who focuses on improving internal processes, a CTO’s primary focus is enhancing the technology so that there are always better products and services. CTOs come in different forms, each with a specific area of expertise:

  • Infrastructure CTOs:

    An infrastructure CTO focuses on supervising the data, maintenance, and security infrastructure.

  • Customer-centric CTOs:

    A customer-centric CTO is someone who delivers exceptional customer experiences through technology and by improving it every day.

  • Visionary CTOs:

    Visionary CTOs have a responsibility to strategise and drive the company’s future success and innovation.

  • The Big Thinker CTOs:

    Big Thinker CTOs focus on the strategic development of any organisation. They conduct technology assessment, competitive analysis and digitisation schemes in a company. With innovative ideas in creating business strategies, they ensure competitive advantages and value propositions in the company. The Big Thinker CTO works collaboratively with the superior authorities as well as his/her subordinates to ensure full implementation of the technology in the organisation as per the decided technological strategies.

The Must-Haves: How to Become a Chief Technology Officer?

Now that we are clear on what the chief technology officer is all about and the different types of the Chief Technology Officers, let’s find out how to become one. Becoming a CTO requires a blend of quality education, relevant experience, and a specific skill set. But where to begin? Let us guide you through that.

Qualifications Required to Become a CTO:

It is essential to have a Bachelor’s degree in Computer Science, Information Technology, or related fields to reflect your foundational knowledge. Some recruiters require higher education like a Master’s degree in Computer science, Information Technology or an MBA in the relevant field as it increases the placement chances, leadership skills and experience to work as a CTO.

Experience Required to Become a CTO:

Once you fulfil the educational prerequisites, what would set you apart is having an ample amount of experience in the field of computer science or information technology. Consider it the cherry on top of your academic record that makes your resume stand out. In order to reach the upper levels of technology leadership, building a broad and varied professional experience is essential. To do this, you must involve yourself in positions that expose you to a wide range of technological and business-related topics. If you do not have the experience, the next step would be to gain hands-on experience through entry-level positions in IT departments or related roles. You can specialise in areas like web development, network architecture, or security engineering to broaden your skill set.

Skills Required to Become a CTO:

The top skills required to become a Chief Technology Officer are gained through different roles, experiences, projects and internships. To become a successful Chief Technology Officer (CTO), you would require a skill set to set you apart from the other employees. These skills will help in leading technology teams and making important decisions. You would need to enhance skills in:

  • Communication: Ability to communicate complex technical concepts understandably and effectively to other employees, customers, and stakeholders.
  • Decision-making: The capacity to evaluate options objectively and make informed choices for the company’s benefit. To make the right decisions and be able to push through tough decisions.
  • Problem-solving: You need to develop and hone your problem-solving skills – an aptitude for identifying and resolving challenges efficiently for the team and the company’s betterment.
  • Leadership: To become a CTO, leadership skills are a must. You require polished skills to lead, motivate, and keep the team productive and functional towards achieving common goals.
  • Time Management: As a CTO, it is essential to have the ability to juggle multiple responsibilities and prioritise tasks effectively – the area where time-management skills play a role. Your time management skills have a direct impact on your teams’ performance and hence, the overall productivity of the company.
  • Research: In this fast-paced technological era, a CTO needs the right skills to dedicate themselves to the updated information. Dedication to staying updated on emerging technologies and industry trends is key to success.

Chief Technology Officer (CTO): Roles & Responsibilities

As a CTO, your roles and responsibilities are an important part of the company’s technological processing. It includes smoother working technology, creating tools for your company and more technological innovations. Your role helps the innovation bulb on (your mind) and have a better vision for your customers and company. Renowned CTO and tech visionary, Werner Vogels, once said, “Technology is not the goal. It’s an enabler of your vision.” This captures the importance of a CTO’s mission – to leverage technology and realise the company’s strategic objectives and vision.

Your responsibilities as a CTO have a spectrum of critical tasks aimed at driving technological advancement and ensuring a competitive edge:

  • Lead technology teams with a greater vision for the company.
  • Keep up with innovation and excellence in your field.
  • Supervise and set performance goals for your team.
  • Research and development of the latest technology and keep your company updated on different levels including new initiatives, technology and developing new tools for betterment.
  • Create and upscale new technologies to align with company objectives and enhance operational efficiency.
  • Define robust IT strategies that prioritise privacy and security standards, safeguarding the organisation’s assets and reputation.
  • Skillfully manage budgets and resources, optimising investments to maximise returns and drive sustainable growth.
  • Communicate technology strategies effectively to key stakeholders, fostering alignment and buy-in across the organisation.
  • Maintain a pulse on technological advancements and industry trends, enabling proactive adaptation and maintaining competitive advantage in dynamic markets.

How bright does it shine? CTO’s Salary & Future Scope

According to Ambition Box , the national average salary for a Chief Technology Officer in India is ₹ 47.4 lakhs. What would help you to confirm a higher salary package and a permanent future is to gain experience in the IT industry.

  • Average Salary of CTO: ₹ 47.4 lakhs per year
  • Highest Salary of CTO: ₹ 102 lakhs per year

Overall, The future scope of CTO looks promising. The future of being a Chief Technology Officer (CTO) looks bright and full of opportunities! Whether you’re starting as a junior CTO or aiming for the top as a Director or VP of technology, there’s so much room to grow and shine. So, why wait? Take that first exciting step into the world of technology leadership today! It’s time to make your mark and have some fun along the way!


If you are still reading here, then it looks like your future goal is to become a CTO. Becoming a CTO is full of opportunities, experience, roles, and enhanced experiences. The demand for a Chief Technology Officer is never-ending as the technology around us keeps evolving. A bag full of passion, education, willingness to learn, and an innovative mind are the basics you must focus on. By enrolling in your favourable institute, you can step towards the goal of becoming the next top CTO the world has ever known. Write your story the way you want, and let the hustle begin.


Q1. Is a CTO higher than a CEO?

No. However, in the corporate structure, the CEO is the most senior position. While the CTO primarily focuses on technology and works under the CEO or another high-level executive, the CEO is ultimately in charge of the entire organisation.

Q2. What is the qualification of a CTO?

To become a CTO, you must fulfil the minimal educational requirement, a bachelor’s degree in computer science or information technology. Every organisation has different requirements for the CTO job role.

Q3. Is a CTO bigger than a VP?

There might be a hierarchy in some organisations between these titles, with the VP of Engineering being lower on the list than the CTO. This isn’t always the case, though; it varies depending on the company itself.

Q4. What do chief information officers do?

A CIO (chief information officer) role in an organisation’s IT operations is to improve internal efficiency. On the other hand, Chief Technology Officers, or CTOs, concentrate on creating technology-based goods and services that satisfy consumer demands while promoting outside innovation and product design.

Q5. ⁠How become a chief information officer?

A bachelor’s degree in information technology or computer science is required because a CIO must be skilled in computers and IT. It is necessary to be trained in areas such as operating systems, infrastructure, coding languages, and more.

Get Free Career Guidance