B.Arch Course Explained: Full Form, Fee, Scope, Salaries, Top Colleges



21 June, 2024

B.Arch Course Explained: Full Form, Fee, Scope, Salaries, Top Colleges

Are you looking for an undergraduate programme to make the right career move? Well, If you are someone who has a science background and is interested in drawing, creative arts and problem-solving then, a Bachelor of Architecture and Planning can be the right programme for you.

Although the B.Arch programme takes 5 years to complete (unlike general degree programmes that span over 3 – 4 years), students still prefer this career stream for its diverse and respectable job roles, global opportunities, high pay scale and long-term growth.

Wanna know more about the B.Arch programme? Let’s dive in and know every detail of the course: from eligibility and top colleges to syllabus and career prospects.

Full Form of B.Arch

The full form of B.Arch is Bachelor of Architecture. It is a 5-year undergraduate degree programme that falls under the domain of Architecture and planning. Any student who has passed class 12, or equivalent in the science stream can apply for this programme. This is one of the most sought-after career streams after engineering and medicine disciplines. This is also a brilliant course for candidates who are outstanding at drawing and designing.

Architecture courses are offered by a few IITs, NITs and a few state-run private colleges. To pursue a B.Arch programme, one has to fulfil the required eligibility criteria by universities and pass the necessary entrance exam to get admission. National Aptitude Test in Architecture (NATA) is mandatory for all students preparing for B. Arch admission in India except in IITs, NITs, and SPAs.

Why B.Arch Course?

Candidates pursue B.Arch course due to several reasons namely:

  • It is best suited to students with a science background and a knack for creative arts.

  • B.Arch is the 3rd most popular career field in India after B.Tech and MBBS. This offers a variety of job roles to professionals such as architects, building contractors, interior designers, retail designers, etc.

  • The job market for B.Arch is very high. Along with private corporations, even the Indian government gives massive job opportunities for B.Arch student career building.

  • It is a technical degree with a lot of scope in India and abroad. It has a high pay scale and global prospects.

B.Arch Eligibility Criteria

A candidate seeking to pursue a B.Arch programme is typically required to fulfil certain B.Arch eligibility criteria to secure seats for admission. The candidate must complete higher secondary education or equivalent with a minimum of 50% marks and pass entrance exams like NATA or JEE Mains to enrol into a BArch programme.

The complete list for B.Arch eligibility is given below:

Program Particulars Details
B.Arch Academic Qualifications Criteria • The candidates must have passed class 12 with a Science background, which means they studied Physics, Mathematics and Chemistry as compulsory subjects.
 • They should have completed Class 10 and a 3-year Diploma. They should also have studied Mathematics as a compulsory subject.
B.Arch Marks Criteria The candidates must secure a minimum of 50% marks in aggregate.
B.Arch Age Criteria No Prescribed Age for Applying
B.Arch Year of Completion Criteria For JEE Main appearing candidates who are/have:
• Appearing for the Class 12 board exam in the present year
• Passed Class 12 last year
• Passed Class 12 two years ago

For NATA-appearing candidates: There are no such criteria.

B.Arch Top Colleges As Per NIRF Ranking

The National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) ranks colleges on the basis of several parameters such as teaching, learning resources, placement outcomes, campus, outreach and inclusivity. Some of the top-ranking B.Arch colleges as per NIRF ranking are as follows:

Name of the B.Arch College NIRF Ranking B.Arch Fees 
Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee 1 INR 1,00,000/-
National Institute of Technology, Calicut 2 INR 1,25,000 /- (for candidates with annual income INR 5 Lakhs) || INR 41,667 /- (for candidates with annual income between INR 1 Lakh to 5 Lakh)
Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur 3 INR 1,20,000/-
National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli 4 INR  6,25,000/-
School of Planning and Architecture, Delhi 5 INR  4,88,000/-
University of Jamia Milia Islamia 6 INR 74,690/-

B.Arch Syllabus

The B.Arch curriculum is thoughtfully designed to have a good blend of theory and practical skills. The course spans over 5 years, including core subjects like architectural design, structural systems, estimation and material costing.

The curriculum has a well-rounded B.Arch syllabus that has all the topics to boost creativity, develop problem-solving abilities and understand real-world problems. The full B.Arch syllabus is discussed below:

B Arch Subjects- Semester 1
Introduction to Architecture
History of Architecture – I
Building Materials
Basic Design – I
Programming and Data Structures 
Descriptive Geometry – I
Environmental Science
English for Communication
Basic Engineering Mechanics
B Arch Subjects- Semester 2
Basic Design -II
Descriptive Geometry – II
Graphics and Visual Communication
Programming and Data Structures Laboratory
Extra Academic Activity- II
Engineering Laboratory
Electrical Technology
Linear Algebra, Numerical and Complex Analysis 
B Arch Subjects- Semester 3
History of Architecture – II
Advanced Building Materials and Composites
Building Construction
Climatology and Solar Architecture
Architectural Design I
Computer-Aided Design and Simulation
Building Construction Sessional I
Extra Academic Activity III
B Arch Subjects- Semester 4
Water Supply and Sanitation
Architectural Design II
Indigenous Technologies and Innovations Workshop
Field Trip I
Material Testing Laboratory
Building Construction Sessional II
Elementary Structural Analysis
Surveying Practice
Extra Academic Activity-IV
B Arch Subjects- Semester 5
Development of Contemporary Architecture I
Working Drawing I
Specification, Estimation and Costing
Illumination and Electrical Services
Design of RC Structure
Building Acoustics
Architectural Design III
B Arch Subjects- Semester 6
Field Trip II
Development of Contemporary Architecture II
Working Drawing II
Housing and Community Planning
Design of Steel Structures
Building Energy Systems and Auditing
Architectural Design IV
B Arch Subjects- Semester 7
Real Estate Valuation and Economics
Architectural Design V
Landscape Design and Site Planning
Air Conditioning
Breadth Elective II
Depth Elective II
Depth Elective III
B Arch Subjects- Semester 8
Office Training
Critical Appraisal
Documentation of Innovative Details
Field Observation
Site Supervision
B Arch Subjects- Semester 9
Society, Cultural Systems and Built Forms
Principles of Town Planning and Urban Design
Construction Project Management
Architectural Design VI
Depth Elective IV
Depth Elective V
B Arch Subjects- Semester 10
Professional Practice and Building Byelaws
Depth Elective VI
Depth Elective VII

B.Arch Job Profiles and Salaries

Graduates with B.Arch degrees have a wide variety of job opportunities in diverse government and private sectors. B.Arch degree has a wide scope across the globe in varying fields. Some of the popular B.Arch job profiles are construction and site engineers, architects, construction managers, project managers, and interior designers. 

Some of the popular job roles and B.Arch salary is discussed below:

B.Arch Job Profiles  Average Salary
Construction & Site Engineer INR 1.3L/yr – 12L/yr
Architectural Consulting INR 4.1L/yr – 6.2L/yr
Project Manager INR 3.4L/yr – 5.4L/yr
Interior Designer INR 1.5L/yr – 8L/yr

Final Thoughts

Pursuing a B.Arch programme after the 12th is a life-changing decision that can lead you to a rewarding career. However, just having a professional degree is not enough, you must hone your skills to become fit for various B.Arch job profiles.

A candidate must understand that architecture is not just about building structures or designing spaces, it requires you to have good creative, analytical and problem-solving skills. One should build aesthetically pleasing structures as well as ensure that they are functional, safe and sustainable. So, If you think you have studied and understood the key highlights of taking architecture as a career avenue then enrol for the B.Arch programme and embark on an exciting career journey.

Frequently Asked Questions:

Q1. Can we join B.Arch without NATA?

Yes, we can join B.Arch without NATA, if you have a good JEE Score. Remember NATA is mandatory for B.Arch admission in India except in IITs, NITs and SPAs. Candidates aspiring to join IIT, NIT and SPA will have to pass the JEE Main Paper 2.

Q2. Is B.Arch a costly course?

B.Arch is a 5-year programme with fees ranging from 2.5 LPA to 8 LPA, which makes it a little for costlier than other undergraduate programmes in India.

Q3. What is the scope of B Arch?

B.Arch is a rewarding programme with respectable job roles and high-paying salaries. The average salary of a B.Arch candidate is around 3 LPA, which easily increases up to 10 LPA, depending upon your experience.

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